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  • 燃气器具GAD指令认证 (2009/142/EC)

 燃气器具GAD指令认证 (2009/142/EC)

燃气具指令——毋庸置疑,燃气具产品肯定适用欧盟燃气具指令(GAD)。燃气具指令包括的产品范围为:以气体燃料为主要能源用于烹饪、加热、热水、制冷、照明或洗涤的器具及用于这些器具的安全控制部件或组件,如果器具含有水来工作,则水正常工作的温度不超过105OC。纯工业过程用途的燃气燃烧设备不属于燃气具指令范围。

排除项:专为在工业生产及工业楼宇的使用的器具应排除在其范围。

指令的目的,应适用下列定义:

(一)“设备”是指燃烧设备气体燃料用于做饭、取暖、热水的生产、制冷、照明或洗涤和在适用的情况下,一个正常的水的温度不超过105°C。必须配备这种燃烧器的强制通风式燃烧器和发热体也应被视为燃气用具;

(二)“配件”是指安全装置,控制装置或调节装置和子组件,除配备燃烧器,单独销售的贸易使用并设计成可燃烧气体的家电纳入强制鼓风燃烧器和发热体燃料或组合构成这类设备;

(三)“气体燃料”的装置,这是在为1巴(bar)的压力下,以15℃的温度下的气体状态的任何燃料。


燃气用具指令的目的,设备被说成是“正常使用”时,它是:

(一)正确地安装,并按照制造商的指示定期保养;

(二)使用与正常变化的气体中的质量和一个正常的供给压力的波动;

(三)按照其预定的目的,或可以合理预见的方式使用。

锅炉能效指令——以液态燃料或气态燃料为主要能源、以水为热传递媒介、额定输出功率在4kW和400kW之间的器具为锅炉能效指令的产品范围。一般燃气热水器、热气壁挂炉都适用锅炉能效指令。

低电压指令——额定输入电压在50~1000Vac或75~1500Vdc的普通电器产品均应适用低电压指令的要求。燃气具产品如果使用了市电给控制电路供电,则该产品同时也要满足低电压指令即电气安全的要求。

电磁兼容性指令——普通电器产品均适用电磁兼容性指令。燃气具产品如果使用了控制电路控制燃气供给,不管这个控制电路是由市电还是干电池供应电能,产品都应该满足电磁兼容性指令的要求。

燃气具产品符合性评估模块和由模块组成的评估程序

燃气具指令——燃气具指令包含的评估模块有六个,分别称之为:模式B、C、D、E、F和G。由这些模块组成的评估程序有五种,根据产品生产的实际情况和厂商的选择,五种评估程序中的任何一种都能取得CE认证。以流程图的方式可以右上角的图表示。

锅炉能效指令——类似于燃气具指令,但少了模式F和G。共有四个模块:模式B、C、D和E,三个由评估模块组成的评估程序:B-C、B-D和B-E。

低电压指令、电磁兼容性指令——均可以适用自我声明的方式取得CE标志,但要有相关的产品技术资料备查。

燃气具产品符合性评估所用的具体技术标准

燃气具指令下的协调标准

燃气具指令——到目前为止,具体体现指令基本要求的燃气具产品标准共有61个,请见下表。

EN 26 Gas-fired instantaneous water heaters for sanitary uses production, fitted with atmospheric burners

EN 30 Domestic cooking appliances burning gas fuel

EN 88 Pressure governors for gas appliances for inlet pressures up to 200 mbar

EN 89 Gas-fired storage water heaters for the production of domestic hot water

EN 125 Flame supervision devices for gas burning appliances — Thermo-electric flame supervision devices

EN 126 Multifunctional controls for gas burning appliances

EN 161 Automatic shut-off valves for gas burners and gas appliances

EN 203 Gas heated catering equipment

EN 257 Mechanical thermostats for gas-burning appliances

EN 297 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type B11 and B11BS boilers fitted with atmospheric burners of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

EN 298 Automatic gas burner control systems for gas burners and gas burning appliances with or without fans

EN 303 Heating boilers

EN 377 Lubricants for applications in appliances and associated controls using combustible gases except those designed for use in industrial processes

EN 416 Single burner gas-fired overhead radiant-tube heaters

EN 419 Non-domestic gas-fired overhead luminous radiant heaters

EN 437 Test gases — Test pressures — Appliance categories

EN 449 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Domestic flueless space heaters (including diffusive catalytic combustion heaters)

EN 461 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Flueless nondomestic space heaters not exceeding 10 kW

EN 483 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type C boilers of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

EN 484 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Independent hotplates, including those incorporating a grill for outdoor use

EN 497 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Multi purpose boiling burners for outdoor use

EN 498 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Barbecues for outdoor use

EN 509 Decorative fuel-effect gas appliances

EN 521 Specifications for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Portable vapour pressure liquefied petroleum gas appliances

EN 525 Non-domestic direct gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW

EN 549 Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment

EN 613 Independent gas-fired convection heaters

EN 621 Non-domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW, without a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

EN 624 Specification for dedicated LPG appliances — Room sealed LPG space heating equipment for installation in vehicles and boats

EN 625 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Specific requirements for the domestic hot water operation of combination boilers of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

EN 656 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type B boilers of nominal heat input exceeding 70 kW but not exceeding 300 kW

EN 676 Automatic forced draught burners for gaseous fuels

EN 677 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Specific requirements for condensing boilers with a nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

EN 732 Specifications for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Absorption refrigerators

EN 751 Sealing materials for metallic threaded joints in contact with 1st, 2nd and 3rd family gases and hot water

EN 777 Multi-burner gas-fired overhead radiant tube heater systems for non-domestic use

EN 778 Domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 70 kW, without a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

EN 1020 Non-domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW, incorporating a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

EN 1106 Manually operated taps for gas burning appliances

EN 1196 Domestic and non-domestic gas-fired air heaters — Supplementary requirements for condensing air heaters

EN 1266 Independent gas-fired convection heaters incorporating a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or flue gases

EN 1319 Domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating, with fanassisted burners not exceeding a net heat input of 70 kW

EN 1458 Domestic direct gas-fired tumble dryers of types B22D and B23D, of nominal heat input not exceeding 6 kW

EN 1596 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Mobile and portable non-domestic forced convection direct fired air heaters

EN 1643 Valve proving systems for automatic shut-off valves for gas burners and gas appliances

EN 1854 Pressure sensing devices for gas burners and gas burning appliances

EN 12067 Gas/air ratio controls for gas burners and gas burning appliances

EN 12078 Zero governors for gas burners and gas burning appliances

EN 12244 Direct gas-fired washing machines, of nominal heat input not exceeding 20 kW

EN 12309 Gas-fired absorption and adsorption air-conditioning and/or heat pump appliances with a net heat input not exceeding 70 kW

EN 12669 Direct gas-fired hot air blowers for use in greenhouses and supplementary nondomestic space heating

EN 12752 Gas-fired type B tumble dryers of nominal heat input not exceeding 20 kW

EN 12864 Low-pressure, non adjustable regulators having a maximum outlet pressure of less than or equal to 200 mbar, with a capacity of less than or equal to 4 kg/h, and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

EN 13278 Open fronted gas-fired independent space heaters

EN 13611 Safety and control devices for gas burners and gas-burning appliances — General requirements

EN 13785 Regulators with a capacity of up to and including 100 kg/h, having a maximum nominal outlet pressure of up to and including 4 bar, other than those covered by EN 12864 and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

EN 13786 Automatic change-over valves having a maximum outlet pressure of up to and including 4 bar with a capacity of up to and including 100 kg/h, and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

EN 13836 Gas fired central heating boilers — Type B boilers of nominal heat input exceeding 300 kW, but not exceeding 1 000 kW

EN 14438 Gas-fired insets for heating more than one room

EN 14543 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Parasol patio heaters — Flueless radiant heaters for outdoor or amply ventilated area use

EN 15033 Room sealed storage water heaters for the production of sanitary hot water using LPG for vehicles and boats

锅炉能效指令——体现锅炉能效指令基本技术要求没有另外专门的标准,能效要求都包含在燃气具指令相关产品标准里。

低电压指令、电磁兼容性指令——适用的标准同家用电器产品标准,如:EN 60335-1,EN 55014-1,EN 55014-2,EN 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-3等。